The following eight vehicles are among the most common community development investments. Selecting their hyperlinks leads to an expanded summary of the vehicle and a longer article explaining its use and place in the market.
Community Development Municipal Bonds (CDMB)
CD Muni bonds are securities issued by states, cities, towns, counties and special districts that have community development as their primary purpose and the interest on them is generally exempt from federal income taxation and, in some cases, state income taxation.
Equity Equivalent Investments (EQ2)
The EQ2 product is a long-term deeply subordinated loan to a non-profit community development organization with features that make it function like equity.
Low-income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTC)
These tax credits provide investors in low-income rental housing with a dollar-for-dollar reduction in their federal tax liability.
New Markets Tax Credits (NMTC)
NMTCs provide taxpayers with a credit against federal income taxes for making qualified equity investments in community development entities.
Targeted Mortgage-backed Securities (MBS)
A targeted MBS is a pool of mortgages to low- and moderate-income individuals that represent the collateral for a security, the cash flow of which is determined by the payment of the individual mortgage loans underlying the security.
Community Development Real Estate Investment Trusts (CD REIT)
CD REITs are mutual funds that invest in affordable housing.
Community Development Venture Capital (CDVC)
CDVC funds invest equity in businesses that create jobs, wealth and entrepreneurial capacity to benefit low-income people and distressed communities.
Small Business Investment Companies (SBIC)
SBICs, which are licensed and regulated by the US Small Business Administration, are privately owned and managed investment firms that provide venture capital and start-up financing to small businesses.