Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Community Development

A Tradable Obligation Approach to the Community Reinvestment Act

Author(s): Michael Klausner, Stanford Law School

February 2009

Community Development Investment Review

In articles published in 1994 and 1995, I proposed that the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) be modified to allow banks to trade their CRA obligations with one another in a manner analogous to cap-and-trade regimes used to address environmental pollution. As in the environmental protection context, a tradable obligation approach to the CRA has the potential to enhance the provision of financial services to low and moderate-income communities at lower cost than does the current command-and-control approach.

Download PDF (pdf, 305.58 kb)

Other articles in this issue