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Recent Publications

Economic Letter

Posted July 18, 2016
Julia Bevilaqua and Fernanda Nechio

Following reports in 2015 that the Federal Reserve would likely begin to raise the short-term policy interest rate—after seven years of near-zero levels—net capital outflows from emerging economies intensified. Many of these countries also experienced large currency depreciations. These developments were similar to those following reports in 2013 about the possible tapering of the Fed’s asset purchases. Furthermore, in both episodes, financial market reactions varied across these developing economies according to each country’s own economic situation.

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View more FRBSF Economic Letters

Working Paper

Posted June 20, 2016
Kathryn Holston, Thomas Laubach, and John C. Williams

U.S. estimates of the natural rate of interest—the real short-term rate that would prevail absent transitory disturbances—have declined dramatically since the start of the global financial crisis. Applying the Laubach-Williams (2003) methodology to the United States, Canada, the Euro Area, and the United Kingdom, we find large declines in trend GDP growth and natural rates of interest over the past 25 years in all four economies. These estimates display substantial comovement over time, suggesting an important role for global factors.

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View More Working Papers

Indicators and Data

PCE Inflation Dispersion

The personal consumption expenditure price index (PCEPI) is one measure of U.S. inflation. The PCEPI measures the percentage change in prices of goods and services purchased by consumers throughout the economy.

Tech Pulse

The Tech Pulse Index is an index of coincident indicators of activity in the U.S. information technology sector. It can be interpreted as a summary statistic that tracks the health of the tech sector in a timely manner.

Total Factor Productivity

This site presents a real-time, quarterly series on total factor productivity (TFP) for the U.S. business sector, adjusted for variations in factor utilization - labor effort and capital's workweek.

Wage Rigidity Meter

The Wage Rigidity Meter offers a closer examination of the annual wage changes of U.S. workers that have not changed jobs over the year.