Glossary of Economic Terms: N

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National Association Of Securities Dealers – NASD

A self-regulatory organization with jurisdiction over certain broker-dealers. The NASD requires member brokers to register, and conducts examinations for compliance with net capital requirements and other regulations. It also conducts market surveillance of the over-the-counter (OTC) securities market. National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) is a subsidiary of the NASD which facilitates the trading of approximately 5,000 most active OTC issues through an electronically connected network.

National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations – NASDAQ

An automated information network that provides brokers and dealers with price quotations on securities traded over the counter.

National Credit Union Administration – NCUA

An independent federal agency that supervises and insures both federal and state-chartered credit unions. NCUA is entirely funded by credit unions and receives no tax dollars.

natural rate of unemployment

The rate of unemployment attainable without stimulating an increase in the inflation rate.

negative amortization

An increase in the principal of a loan, when the loan payments are insufficient to pay the interest due. The unpaid interest is added to the outstanding loan balance causing the principal to increase rather than decrease as payments are made. This situation typically occurs in an adjustable mortgage with an annual cap limiting any increases in the interest rate, and also in a graduated payment mortgage, which has low initial payments so moderate-income borrowers can afford to make the loan payments.

Negotiable Order of Withdrawal account – NOW

An interest earning account on which checks may be drawn. Withdrawals from NOW accounts may be offered by commercial banks, mutual savings banks, and savings and loan associations and may be owned only by individuals and certain nonprofit organizations and governmental units.

nominal interest rates

Current stated rates of interest paid or earned.

noncompetitive bidders

One of two categories of bidders on Treasury securities: competitive and noncompetitive. Noncompetitive bidders, made up of individuals or financial institutions, receive the average price and investment yield of the accepted competitive bids.

nonmember bank

Depository institution that is not a member of the Federal Reserve System. Specifically, a state-chartered commercial bank that has elected not to join the System.

nonmember depository institution

A depository institution (commercial bank, mutual savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, or U.S. agency or branch of a foreign bank) that is not a member of the Federal Reserve System. Nonmember depository institutions that offer transaction accounts or nonpersonal time deposits are subject to reserve requirements set by the Federal Reserve, and have access to the Federal Reserve discount window and Federal Reserve services on the same terms as member banks.

note

A medium-term obligation of the U.S. Treasury; 2-10 years’ maturity. See also bill and bond.

numismatic

Pertaining to coins and the collection of coins and medals.

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Last updated February 6, 2004