The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Poverty

By William Dowling

Research shows that poverty in early childhood can have detrimental effects on a range of achievement, behavior, and health outcomes in adulthood. The time between a child’s prenatal year and 5th birthday is particularly critical, and incremental increases in parental income during this time period can have profound and positive long-term outcomes. The following graphic highlights some of this research.

The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Poverty

Download a PDF of this infographic (pdf, 1.2 mb)

The views expressed are not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or of the Federal Reserve System.

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