Community Development Innovation Review
August 19, 2021
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Our economic and financial systems are at an important crossroads, where the promises of future innovation must be considered against the potential pitfalls of past and present inequities. This issue of the Community Development Innovation Review explores how the push for racial equity in our financial systems intersects with the growing field of financial technology, or “fintech.”1 We conceived of this issue well before COVID-19 hit our shores, but the topic became even more urgent as the financial devastation and health risks of the pandemic economy fell disproportionately on low-income households and households of color. Those most at risk were the hardest to reach with aid, revealing how inequities in the financial system could hamper broader relief and recovery efforts.
The leaders highlighted in this volume each bring a unique lens to fintech’s promise of new solutions to historic exclusions baked into our economy, but also the potential risk of deepening existing inequities if these solutions are not implemented with care. Published as a partnership between the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and the Aspen Institute Financial Security Program, this volume aims to activate conversation and build bridges between the various organizations and innovators that will create the future of fintech to ensure we are intentionally building an inclusive financial system as we plan for a post-pandemic economy.
The authors reflect diverse perspectives and experiences with fintech, racial equity, economic inclusion, and community development. Together, they represent the breadth of leaders and organizations that need to be brought to bear to build a truly inclusive financial system. In these essays, regulatory and technological experts ask important questions about what systems must be in place to ensure those innovations truly move the needle on racial equity and do not inadvertently leave people of color further behind. These perspectives are rounded out by innovators who discuss the use of fintech innovations to expand access and improve outcomes to the growing set of tools and services understood to be necessary for financial inclusion, from savings to credit to the safety net. We also hear from leaders working directly in community development, who provide frameworks and case studies for how partnership with fintech can help achieve their goals.
For fintech leaders, we hope these perspectives illuminate the broader ecosystem affected by their work and the societal challenges that should serve both as goals and cautionary tales as they try to live up to the promise of fintech. For those with deep experience and expertise working on issues of racial equity and financial inclusion, we hope these essays provide examples of the results that can be achieved when fintech is implemented with intention and care toward those goals.
Like many around the country, both of our organizations renewed commitments this year to addressing longstanding racial inequities. This volume represents just a piece of the research, convenings, and tools we are initiating in the coming year to spur a collective sense of what is both necessary and possible in order to make financial inclusion and financial health in the United States a reality. As your organizations build strategies to achieve these same goals, we also hope you consider where unconventional partners, perhaps highlighted in this volume, should be part of your plans. We also hope you consider us as potential partners and resources in that work. It will take all of us working together to achieve the vision of a truly inclusive financial system that delivers financial security for all.
The Community Development Innovation Review focuses on bridging the gap between theory and practice, from as many viewpoints as possible. The goal of this journal is to promote cross-sector dialogue around a range of emerging issues and related investments that advance economic resilience and mobility for low- and moderate-income communities and communities of color. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or the Federal Reserve System.
1. For this work, the SF Fed defines financial technology as anything that is digitally based, including new technologies, techniques, and business models.
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Other articles in this issue
The Racialized Roots of Financial Exclusion
Fundamentals of an Inclusive Financial System
Regulation to Build a More Inclusive Financial System and Drive Financial Health
The Role of Public and Private Capital in Digital Infrastructure for Finance in the United States
Global Developments in Inclusive Financial Systems
Americans Need a Digital Identity System, Stat!
The Next Frontier: Expanding Credit Inclusion with New Data and Analytical Techniques
How Can Regulation Facilitate Financial Inclusion in Fintech?
The Tech-Enabled Social Safety Net: A Case Study of the EBT System
Why Mission-Minded Fintechs May Be the Key to Closing the Savings Gap
CDFIs’ Mission-Driven Orientation Is Critical to Making Financial Technology Work for Deep South Communities
CDFI and Fintech Partnerships: A Promising Avenue for Affordable, Fast, and Equitably Distributed Small-Business Capital
Designing for Whom? Lessons from a Coordinated Relief Effort to Reach Student Loan Borrowers Most in Need