October 2006

Immigrant Communities - Volume 18, Issue 2

The immigration reform debate that has been swirling through Washington’s political corridors is enormously complicated. At issue are concerns over national security and the effects of competition in U.S. labor markets, as well as the costs that immigrants may impose on government budgets. While answers to these questions are ardently disputed by politicians and academics alike, there is no doubt that immigration has always been a significant driver of U.S. population growth and change. And over the past decade, the foreign-born population has not only grown but has dispersed from traditional “immigrant gateways” to cities, suburbs, and rural areas all across America.

The views expressed are not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or of the Federal Reserve System. Material herein may be reprinted or abstracted provided Community Investments is credited. Please provide our Community Development Department with a copy of any publication in which material is reprinted.

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Table of Contents

CI Notebook
Introduction by Naomi Cytron

Crossing Borders, Creating Communities: Immigration Trends and their Implications for Community Development
Carolina Reid

Financial Access for Immigrants: The Challenges and Opportunities Facing U.S. Depository Institutions
Robin Newberger and Anna Paulson; Audrey Singer; and Jeremy Smith

Community Development in Dynamic Neighborhoods: Synchronizing Services and Strategies with Immigrant Communities
Kay Fernandez

Community Profiles

Arizona: Chicanos Por La Causa

Los Angeles: Asian Pacific Islander Small Business Program

California’s Central Valley: Fresno Center for New Americans

Utah: Comunidades Unidas

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Table of Contents