Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Community Development

New Markets Tax Credit - Volume 1, Issue 1

December 2005

Foreword

Janet Yellen
President and CEO
Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Community Development Investment Review

It is my pleasure to introduce the Community Development Investment Review, a new journal dedicated to the emerging field of community development investing. Our goal with this publication, like that of our Center for Community Development Investments, is to seek new ways to increase the flow of capital to low- and moderate-income communities. The Review, to be published three times a year, will bring together experts to debate new approaches, share knowledge, and promote effective public policy.

You may know the Federal Reserve System’s mission is to implement sound monetary policy that ensures both price stability and maximum employment. Some pockets of persistent unemployment and poverty, however, may be beyond the reach of macroecomic levers. We have created the Center and this publication to explore new approaches that ensure all segments of the economy, including low-income areas, enjoy the benefits of our shared economic growth.

This issue will focus on the New Markets Tax Credit program, which was enacted in 2000 to increase the flow of capital to communities that had been left out of the tremendous economic growth of the nation’s longest economic expansion. Now, five years later, we believe it is an appropriate time to see how the program is working.

We hope you enjoy this inaugural issue of the Review, and that you will share your ideas with us for advancing the community development investment field.

The views expressed are not necessarily those of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or of the Federal Reserve System. Material herein may be reprinted or abstracted as long as the Community Development Investment Review is credited.

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Table of Contents

The New Markets Tax Credit Program: A Midcourse Assessment
Julia Sass Rubin and Gregory M. Stankiewicz

Community Perspective: Is the NMTC Program Making a Difference in Low-Income Communities?
P. Jefferson Armistead

The Political History of and Prospects for Reauthorizing New Markets
Benson F. Roberts

Investor Perspective: How to Invest in NMTCs
Bob Taylor

Case Study from Application to Construction: Clearinghouse CDFI Puts New Markets Tax Credits to Work
Doug Bystry

Case Study from Application to Construction: Lenders for Community Development Puts New Markets Tax Credits to Work
Jeff Wells

Trends and Observations from the CDFI Fund Director
Arthur A. Garcia

How One CDC is Changing Neighborhoods with NMTC
Mary Nelson

Making Markets Work
Cliff Kellogg

NMTC Program Overview and Glossary