2021-04 | February 2021
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Parents in a Pandemic Labor Market
Gender gaps in labor market outcomes during the pandemic are largely due to differences across parents: Employment and labor force participation fell much less for fathers as compared to women and non-parent men at the onset of the pandemic; the recovery has been more pronounced for men and women without children, and; the labor force participation rate of mothers has resumed declining following the start of the school year. The latter is partially offset in states with limited school re-openings. Evidence suggests flexibility in setting work schedules offsets some of the adverse impact of the pandemic on mothers’ employment, while the ability to work from home does not.
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Lofton, Olivia, Nicolas Petrosky-Nadeau, and Lily Seitelman. 2021. "Parents in a Pandemic Labor Market," Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2021-04. Available at https://doi.org/10.24148/wp2021-04