Fiscal Policies for Job Creation and Innovation: The Experiences of US States


Robert S. Chirinko

Download PDF
(345 KB)

2023-01 | January 1, 2023

This paper reviews selected fiscal policy initiatives undertaken by US states to encourage job creation and innovation. We begin with a discussion of some general considerations about the design of tax policies summarized in a tax policy design table. Four policies are reviewed: job creation tax credits, research and development tax credits, a set of tax policies targeted to the biotechnology industry, and a broad set of tax policies that attract star scientists. The experiences at the state level are used to evaluate the effectiveness of these employment and knowledge-capital tax incentives in creating jobs and spurring innovation. The paper concludes with four other considerations need to be taken into account in selecting policies.

Article Citation

Wilson, Daniel J., and Robert S. Chirinko. 2023. “Fiscal Policies for Job Creation and Innovation: The Experiences of US States,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2023-01. Available at

About the Author
Daniel Wilson
Daniel Wilson is a vice president in the Economic Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Learn more about Daniel Wilson