A Risk-based Theory of Exchange Rate Stabilization


Tarek A. Hassan

Tony Zhang

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2016-15 | May 1, 2020

We develop a novel, risk-based theory of the effects of exchange rate stabilization. In our model, the choice of exchange rate regime allows policymakers to make their currency, and by extension, the firms in their country, a safer investment for international investors. Policies that induce a country’s currency to appreciate when the marginal utility of international investors is high lower the required rate of return on the country’s currency and increase the world-market value of domestic firms. Applying this logic to exchange rate stabilizations, we find a small economy stabilizing its bilateral exchange rate relative to a larger economy can increase domestic capital accumulation, domestic wages, and even its share in world wealth. In the absence of policy coordination, small countries optimally choose to stabilize their exchange rates relative to the currency of the largest economy in the world, which endogenously emerges as the world’s “anchor currency.” Larger economies instead optimally choose to oat their exchange rates. The model therefore predicts an equilibrium pattern of exchange rate arrangements that is remarkably similar to the one in the data.

Article Citation

Hassan, Tarek A., Thomas M. Mertens, and Tony Zhang. 2016. “A Risk-based Theory of Exchange Rate Stabilization,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2016-15. Available at https://doi.org/10.24148/wp2016-15

About the Author
Thomas Mertens
Thomas Mertens is a vice president in the Economic Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Learn more about Thomas Mertens