An important issue in small open-economies is whether policymakers should respond to exchange rate movements when they formulate monetary policy. Micro-founded models tend to suggest that there is little to be gained from responding to exchange rate movements, and the literature has largely concluded that such a response is unnecessary, or even undesirable (Taylor, 2001). This paper examines this issue using an estimated model of the Australian economy. In contrast to micro-founded models, according to this model policymakers should allow for movements in the real exchange rage and the terms-of-trade when they set interest rates. Further, taking real exchange rate movements into account appears even more important with price level targeting than with inflation targeting.
Dennis, Richard. 2002. “Exploring the Role of the Real Exchange Rate in Australian Monetary Policy,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2002-19. Available at https://doi.org/10.24148/wp2002-19