International Evidence on Extending Sovereign Debt Maturities


Jose A. Lopez

Paul L. Mussche

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2021-19 | July 1, 2021

Portfolio diversification is as important to debt management as it is to asset management. In this paper, we focus on diversification of sovereign debt issuance by examining the extension of the maximum maturity of issued debt. In particular, we examine the potential costs to the U.S. Treasury of introducing 50-year bonds as a financing option. Based on evidence from foreign government bond markets with such long-term debt, our results suggest that a 50-year Treasury bond would likely trade at an average yield that is at most 20 basis points above that of a 30-year bond. Our results based on extrapolations from a dynamic yield curve model using just U.S. Treasury yields are similar.

Article Citation

Christensen, Jens H. E., Jose A. Lopez, and Paul L. Mussche. 2021. “International Evidence on Extending Sovereign Debt Maturities,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2021-19. Available at

About the Author
Jens Christensen
Jens Christensen is a research advisor in the Economic Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Learn more about Jens Christensen