This paper examines the importance of various macroeconomic shocks in explaining the movement of the term structure of nominal bond yields in the post-war U.S., as well as the channels through which such macro shocks influence the yield curve, using a structural Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model. The results show that the monetary-policy and the aggregate-supply shocks are important determinants of the nominal term structure. Moreover, the monetary-policy innovations have a large but transitory effect on the nominal bond yields, primarily by changing the slope of the yield curve, and the aggregate-supply shocks from private sector have a more persistent effect on the level of the yield curve, but have little effect on the slope of the yield curve.
Wu, Tao. 2002. “Stylized Facts on Nominal Term Structure and Business Cycles: An Empirical VAR Study,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2002-08. Available at https://doi.org/10.24148/wp2002-08