The Industry-Occupation Mix of U.S. Job Openings and Hires


Bart Hobijn

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2012-09 | July 1, 2012

I introduce a method that combines data from the U.S. Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey, and state-level Job Vacancy Surveys to construct annual estimates of the number of job openings in the U.S. in the Spring by industry and occupation. I present these estimates for 2005-2011. The results reveal that: (i) During the Great Recession job openings for all occupations declined. (ii) Job openings rates and vacancy yields vary a lot across occupations. (iii) Changes in the occupation mix of job openings and hires account for the bulk of the decline in measured aggregate match efficiency since 2007. (iv) The majority of job openings in all industries and occupations are filled with persons who previously did not work in the same industry or occupation.

Article Citation

Hobijn, Bart. 2012. “The Industry-Occupation Mix of U.S. Job Openings and Hires,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2012-09. Available at