We envision a healthy and inclusive economy in which all people can fully participate, and no one is left behind.


Birth outcomes are a reflection of how well we are doing as a country. And unfortunately, we are doing poorly relative to comparable countries, even prior to the current crisis related to COVID-19. Broadening the framework of how we think about health and developing approaches to interrupt cycles of intergenerational inequities is essential to our future labor force and to our economy on the whole.

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Community Development Research Briefs

Posted March 3, 2021

As part of the CARES Act, Congress created the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) to provide conditionally forgivable loans to small businesses. Though PPP loans provided an important resource to keep many small businesses afloat, the program was easier for some businesses to access than others. This Research Brief offers an analysis of PPP lending in the western United States. It evaluates the number of PPP loans issued as a share of small businesses and how this share varied by zip code income.

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As part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, signed into law on March 27, 2020, Congress created the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), which offers conditionally forgivable loans to small businesses. These PPP Snapshots provide data profiles of where PPP loans went in each of the nine states that comprise the Twelfth Federal Reserve District: Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Washington.

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Access to affordable child care is crucial to parents’ ability to participate in the workforce. However, in many places—especially lower-income communities and communities of color—affordable child care isn’t available to meet this need.

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We listen to our communities to better understand on-the-ground economic conditions throughout the Twelfth Federal Reserve District.



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Community Close-Up: The “Donut Kids” of California

"Donut kids" is a term coined by the children of Cambodian-American donut shop owners to acknowledge their shared identities growing up in and around donut shops. This photo series highlights their voices and experiences.

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