We envision a healthy and inclusive economy in which all people can fully participate, and no one is left behind.


Using data on mobility from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s Consumer Credit Panel/Equifax Data, we examined the moves of individuals in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2002–2018 to better understand moving patterns by socioeconomic status. Here’s what we found.

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Working Papers

Posted May 11, 2021

In this report, we examine neighborhood change and residential instability in the City of Oakland over the past two decades, employing historical and contemporary data. Our results show that lower-SES residents experience residential instability in different ways in different parts of Oakland, suggesting the need for more targeted strategies.

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As part of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, signed into law on March 27, 2020, Congress created the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), which offers conditionally forgivable loans to small businesses. These PPP Snapshots provide data profiles of where PPP loans went in each of the nine states that comprise the Twelfth Federal Reserve District: Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Washington.

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Access to affordable child care is crucial to parents’ ability to participate in the workforce. However, in many places—especially lower-income communities and communities of color—affordable child care isn’t available to meet this need.

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We listen to our communities to better understand on-the-ground economic conditions throughout the Twelfth Federal Reserve District.



Community Close-Up: The “Donut Kids” of California

"Donut kids" is a term coined by the children of Cambodian-American donut shop owners to acknowledge their shared identities growing up in and around donut shops. This photo series highlights their voices and experiences.

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