Community Development Investment Review

August 23, 2016

Demographics and Characteristics of Middle Neighborhoods in Select Legacy Cities


Legacy cities represent a unique subset of American cities because they struggled to manage a severe loss of manufacturing jobs and experienced significant population loss. Across legacy cities, middle neighborhoods generally are home to a large share of the people and households that remain. This chapter argues that middle neighborhoods in legacy cities are vital because they are home to a substantial segment of a city’s population and therefore provide the tax base on which so many city services rely. It further offers a data-based description of the middle neighborhoods of several legacy cities: Baltimore, Detroit, Milwaukee, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and St. Louis.

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