Assessing the Lucas Critique in Monetary Policy Models


Glenn D. Rudebusch

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2002-02 | February 1, 2002

Empirical estimates of monetary policy rules suggest that the behavior of U.S. monetary policymakers changed during the past few decades. However, at the same time, statistical analyses of lagged representations of the economy, such as VARs, often have not rejected the null of structural stability. These two sets of empirical results appear to contradict the Lucas critique. This paper provides a reconciliation by showing that the apparent policy invariance of reduced forms is consistent with the magnitude of historical policy shifts and the relative insensitivity of the reduced forms of plausible forward-looking macroeconomic specifications to policy shifts.

Article Citation

D. Rudebusch, Glenn. 2002. “Assessing the Lucas Critique in Monetary Policy Models,” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper 2002-02. Available at