Watch FOMC Rewind: What the Fed’s December 2022 Policy Decision Means for You

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) raised the target range for the federal funds rate by 0.50 percentage points at its December meeting, bringing it to 4.25 to 4.50 percent.

In its meeting statement, the FOMC said it anticipates that ongoing increases in the target range will be appropriate in order to attain a stance of monetary policy that is sufficiently restrictive to return inflation to 2 percent over time. It also said the pace of future increases will be determined by taking into account the cumulative tightening of monetary policy, the lags with which monetary policy affects economic activity and inflation, and economic and financial developments.

The policy statement reiterated that inflation remains elevated, reflecting supply and demand imbalances related to the pandemic, higher food and energy prices, and broader price pressures. It said Russia’s war against Ukraine and related events are contributing to upward pressure on inflation and are weighing on global economic activity. The policy statement also reaffirmed that the FOMC is highly attentive to inflation risks and strongly committed to returning inflation to its 2 percent objective.

In addition to raising the policy rate, the FOMC said it will continue reducing its holdings of Treasury securities, agency debt, and agency mortgage-backed securities as described in the Plans for Reducing the Size of the Federal Reserve’s Balance Sheet.

The FOMC also said it will continue to monitor a wide range of incoming information to assess the appropriate stance of monetary policy, including readings on public health, labor market conditions, inflation pressures and inflation expectations, and financial and international developments.

What does this mean for you? Let’s rewind.

December 2022 FOMC Rewind

Quick explainer for the December 2022 FOMC decision (video, 0:58 minutes).


Jane: Hey Zoe!

Jane: I saw inflation came down but the Fed raised rates again, what’s going on?

Zoe: Yeah, inflation is down a bit but it’s still way too high

Zoe: It’ll take some time for it to get back to 2%

Jane: Will rates keep going up?

Zoe: Probably in the near term, but eventually they’ll top out

Jane: Will they keep going up so fast?

Zoe: Probably not, the last rate hike was smaller than the previous ones

Zoe: And even when rates stop going up, they’ll still be high enough to help bring inflation down

Zoe: It’s the level that matters most and how long the Fed keeps it there

Jane: How will they know how high to go and for how long?

Zoe: They’ll watch the current and expected effects on the economy and inflation

Zoe: Rates should stay at a restrictive level for as long as it takes to get the job done

Jane: That’s super helpful – thanks for the insight!

Zoe: Any time!

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The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the management of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco or of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.